Among the 2021 IPA Prix Voltaire shortlisted candidates – which were revealed in October – there was a unique nominee. Instead of a single individual or publishing house, a number of different publishers and publishing houses were highlighted across two separate nominations, with both nominators requesting anonymity for the individual publishers due to the possible risks they face. Inquiries by the IPA and recent developments in Belarus suggest that the publishers would be put at risk by communicating their names. As a result, the shortlist for the 2021 IPA Prix Voltaire includes Independent Belarusian Publishers as an anonymous collective. In this article we look at the situation of publishers in Belarus.