Borghino gave an overview of publishing, analyzing it in terms of sectors (trade, education and scholarly), geography (looking at national, regional and global markets) and economics (the biggest publishers around the world). He also spoke about the IPA’s commitment to its founding principles — copyright and freedom to publish — as well our other workstreams: education, accessibility, sustainability, diversity and inclusion, and literacy.

Borghino spoke about the global threats to copyright, noting that the Indian government at WIPO was pushing hard to broaden exceptions and limitations in the education sector and that the IPA had been fighting hard against this move for 10 years. He also noted that censorship and pressure from social media was threatening freedom to publish around the world. And he invited Indian publishers to participate in the next IPA International Publishers Congress which will be held in Jakarta, Indonesia on 10-12 November 2022.